Facts, Figures, News & Analysis

Facts from Somalia Regarding Protection Issues and Violations; Nov 2014

  • In Mogadishu, 594 persons were forcibly evicted while 1,800 faced threat of eviction;
  • Protection concerns include, insecurity, separation of children, arbitrary arrests, forced recruitment and child soldiers;
  • Governance remains weak;
  • Services are difficult to access;
  • Child separation are due to conflict, displacement or death of parents;
  • Unaccompanied children remain major protection challenges;
  • Women are subjected to GBV during firewood collection & when they fetch water;
  • GBV is rampant reality in Somalia

 

Recommendations

 SJHR recommends the following steps to be taken in order to minimize risks:

  • Awareness should be done on how to avert forceful evictions of populations from their residential places. Therefore, people who are illegally evicting such people should be advised to stop that. Also, if the evictees are in private property the evictor should be advised to give more time for the occupants to prepare to leave the property without being forced;
  • Separated children should be reunited with their families or relatives;
  • Awareness on cooperation between members of the security and the people i.e. community policing and trainings should be done. This is tend to improve security. However, arbitrary arrests should be discouraged;
  • Even though the practice is decreasing countrywide, forced recruitment of children into armed conflicts should be discouraged through more awareness;
  • The government should be encouraged to improve the administrations in its institutions so that  service provision can be enhanced. Through the strengthening of government institutions, government becomes stronger and service provision increases;
  • Sexual violence and any other kinds of GBV should be prevented;
  • And last but not least, as women are subjected to GBV during fire collection & when they fetch water, alternatives sources of energy to firewood should be availed so that the poor women can be protected from GBV. Also, water points should be installed nearer so that the poor women can be protected from GBV.

 

ANALYSIS

Attacks on Press Freedom

By SJHR Team

Somali Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed held a meeting with media stakeholders in Mogadishu on Monday night August 18th, where he pledged that the Somali government will co-operate with media organisations to support Somalia’s reconstruction.

Several members of the cabinet and many media managers, including directors of local and international media outlets, were invited to the meeting, Dalsan Radio reported.”I have called you so that I can discuss with you how you can participate in the reconstruction of the country,” Ahmed said. “We are dedicated that no one violates the media freedom. We are also dedicated to respect the independence of the media. And you have duties that you must fulfil properly.”The meeting follows the closure of Shabelle Media Network and Sky FM last week, and the arrest of 20 journalists, several of whom were later released. There were other reports that the directors of those stations and their owner were tortured.

Reporters Without Borders condemned the closures of Mogadishu-based Shabelle and Sky FM stations and the arrests of the journalists and employees on 15 August and the continuing detention and reported torture of the directors of the two radio stations and their owner. The two stations, both owned by Shabelle Media Network, were closed during raids on the morning of 15 August by members of the National Security Agency (NSA), who made the arrests of journalists and media staff. Most of those arrested were released after two days, but the NSA is still holding Shabelle Media Network owner Abdiimalik Yusuf Mohamud, Radio Shabelle editor in chief Ahmed Abdi Hassanand Sky FM director Mohamud Mohamed Dahir, also known by the pseudonym of Mohamed Arab. They are being held at NSA headquarters in Mogadishu, which is often used in anti-terrorism operations.

Several witnesses, including security officers, say the three men have been badly tortured in an attempt to extract confessions that they were deliberately trying to harm the Somali government.”The reaction of the Somali authorities is out of all proportion,” said Cléa Kahn-Sriber, the head of the Reporters Without Borders Africa desk. “Torturing journalists is disgraceful and totally unacceptable. The authorities have legal means at their disposal if they think comments by the media pose a danger to national security.”We are in the presence of arbitrary mass arrests, confirmed reports of torture and the illegal closure of two radio stations. We call on the Somali authorities to release these three journalists at once and to guarantee respect of their fundamental rights before the country’s courts.”

Sources said the raids on the two media outlets may have been triggered by a Radio Shabelle broadcast on 14 August criticizing President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud’s interview for US TV station PBS during the Africa-USA summit, or by Sky FM’s comments on 15 August about the previous night’s fighting between government forces and warlords in Mogadishu.

With eight journalists killed since the start of 2013 and constant harassment of the media, Somalia is ranked 176th out of 180 countries in the 2014 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index.

On the other hand, 11th August marked the Seventh Anniversary of the onset of the persecutions against Somali journalists.  On that date in the 2007, the director of Capital Voice, Mr. Mahad Ahmed Elmi was killed. On the same date, the director and one of the share holders of Hornafrik, Ali Iimaan Sharmarke was killed. Since then, it became a norm for armed groups to kill, harm and maim journalists and other media workers. Since that time, armed groups killed about 30 Somali journalists and media staff. The worst year for the Somali journalists was the year 2012. So far armed groups have gunned down a long list of journalists and media workers including the directors of Somaliweyn Radio, Abukar Hassan Kadaf, Hassan Mohamed Abdi aka Fantastic, Ahmed Addow Unshur, Yussuf Ali Osman, Liibaan Ali Nuur, Abdisataar Dahir Sabriye, Abdirahmaan Yaasiin, Hassan Yussuf Absuge, Abdi Jaylani Malaaq aka Marshaale, Mukhtar Mohamed Hiraabe, Said Tahaliil Ahmed,  Mohamed Mohamud Tuuryare, Mohamed Mohamud Timacadde, Ali Ahmed Abdi, Mahad Salaad Adan, Farhan Jemis Abdulle, Abdirahmaan Mohamed Ali, Ahmed Farah Ilyaas, Zakariya Mohamed Mohamud, among others.

On the other hand, many journalists have fled the country for dear lives.

 

News Summaries

http://www.jowhar.com/maxkamada-ciidamada-qalabka-sida-oo-lix-bilood-ku-xukuntay-aabe-dhalay-wiil-dhalinyaro-ka-tirsanaa-al-shabaab/

By dhacdo.com 29/8

The military court sentenced a father of an Alshabaab member to months of jail today. This father by the name Ismaan Ali Maalin is the father of Dahir Dayax . Dayax was sentenced to death yesterday.

Dahir Dayax and another man (the latter sentenced in absentia) were found to have killed a traffic policeman called Yussuf Hassan Adow-Yussuf Tarafiko early this month at Kaaraan District. The court convicted the father of Dahir on basis of child disregard (he didn’t stop his son from what he was doing) and for failing to report to the security forces the fact that his son was a member of Alshabaab so that his son’s dangerous activities could be averted. The spokesperson of the military court said every parent with children in Alshabab but doesn’t report will be prosecuted by the court on similar grounds.  Also the military court sentenced a person said to have killed Journalist Mohamud Mohamed Timaadde, a death sentence.

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Fri 15 Aug By the twitter of Dalsan

AMISOM and Government forces arrested Yusuf Kabale who is a militia ring leader that clashed with AMISOM and NISA this morning.

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Heavy Battle in Mogadishu as NISA and AMISOM target well-armed politicians

By Dalsan on 15th Aug

A heavy battle erupted between NISA forces backed by AMISOM and well-known Wadajir based politician Ahmed Adow-Dai as part of the on-going operations in Mogadishu by the government to disarm former district commissioners. There was displacement as civilians fled the area where the fighting took place.

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Human Rights Watch Probes Violations Against Somali Refugees in Zambia

HRW official said HRW will soon probe whether the rights of Somali Refugees at Chaisa camp in Zambia were violated. Mr. Simon Mulupi who is communication officer for HRW told a Zambian News Agency called ZANIS that it is the duty of the police to keep peace. Police arrested Somali refugees in a football stadium just a scenario like the one of Kasarani stadium in Kenya.

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Displacement in Mogadishu

15th Aug By warsahal

Civilians in parts of Mogadishu fled shelling by AMISOM attacking the house of Ahmed Dai. AMSIOM is shelling civilian areas indiscriminately. Many civilians lost their lives.